10 weird and wonderful paddling inventions
At Wash Rider we’re constantly thinking about paddler problems that we’ve either experienced ourselves or had sent in from paddlers. Most of the solutions are what you see in our range, with products seeking to improve paddling equipment for paddlers of racing canoes, kayaks or surfskis.
While designing new gear in the paddling industry we have come across some seriously weird and simply wonderful inventions to solve problems faced by paddlers. Some of them have gone on to shape the way we paddle while others have been superseded by new technology, a change in rules or passion for paddle sports.
To celebrate the most ingenious, crazy and creative solutions made by paddlers we’ve put this list together for your enjoyment and interest. Let us know the numbers of your favourite ones in the comments below.
1. Winged paddles
Introduced to the world by the Swedish flatwater sprint team in the 1980’s it didn’t take long for people to switch across from flat blades. These paddles became the standard if you wanted to be competitive.
The internet is full of theories on why and how these paddles work. Our take from hearsay and a scan of a few scientific abstracts, is largely due to the pressure difference created by the vortices and the higher stroke rate allowed by the J-stroke style.
Photo credit: Ross H Sanders & Selina J Kendal, The Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, March 1992 via Surfski.info
Regardless of why they work, we all know how well they work. As an old coach at our old club said when the wing paddle came in the average speed of the sprinters uniformly lifted and those at the back of the 1980’s marathon pack could stay on for longer.
These paddles have evolved in shape, surface area, length and construction becoming lighter, stronger and more easily transported with innovations like the split shaft adjustable joiner.
Fergs and Macka Kiwi K2 paddle by Canoe Sports
2. Winged boats
The winged K1’s were designed to let paddlers go faster with narrower hulls while still being legal for the international sprint racing standard width (beam). These narrow hull shapes provided paddlers with more speed than the previous diamond shaped K1’s and still meet the requirements for competition.
Ultimately though once these winged kayak hull shapes had made a mockery of the restrictions and athletes saw the potential to go faster the canoe federations dropped with width restrictions. Following this manufactures quickly released several new designs in the early 2000’s. This evolution of narrow hull shapes is only 20 years young so it will be interesting to see what innovations in shapes the makers come up with the coming years.
We would be really keen to hear from you in the comments if you know which country or manufacturer was the first to experiment with skinnier kayaks.
Winged K1 kayak on the trailer at the Australian Marathon Championship 2011 at Geelong Canoe Club. Manufactured by Max Kayaks.
New Zealand is known for creating some of the worlds best sprint paddlers but one of their greatest multisport athletes, Steve Gurney, created a way to float his paddle in front of him during the long paddles. This so named Anti-Gravity-Paddle-Levitation-Device was created to take the weight off his arms during the long 4 hour river kayak section of the Coast to Coast multisport race.
Think about it like you are holding a 600gram (paddle) weight in front of you for 4 hours. Your arms are going to get tired. So instead Steve’s invention saves his effort for the final cycle. This fishing rod like apparatus held paddle and still allow for a good stroke, just don’t let go 😉
Check out more of Steve’s inventions on his website here.
Photo: With permission from Steve Gurney
4. Surfski traction pads
These are simply wonderful under foot. Not only is this textured matting effective at stopping your feet from slipping off or sliding up the footplate in your surfski or K1 they are super comfortable for your feet. Comfort is one of those features of kayak and ski design which is measured with speed and lightness of craft. So, for something which weights tens of grams and keeps your feet applying power to the footplate it’s well worth using. Pick yours to fit here.
5. Wood to Composite constructions
The transition from wooden layups to composite materials was a welcome change. Significantly improving the properties of weight, durability, stiffness, while reducing the maintenance of our canoes, kayaks and surfskis these materials are now common practice.
With the new materials such as fibreglass, carbon and Kevlar clothes came new construction methods which have allowed more variety to choose from with weights, stiffness and cost. The variety of resins used across the industry now also give way to specialist applications such as the commonly used Vinylester or Derakine resins layups of fibreglass in river racing where light weight, flexible hulls that are cheap to wreck and repair on the rocks are very popular.
These lighter stronger materials were definitely one of the more wonderful inventions that have come into existence. Though a paddle in a nice Struer Kayak is always a treat.
6. Rotating seats
As if K1 kayaks weren’t tippy enough; one of two things happen when you sit on these rotating seats. You either feel much more powerful leg drive through your kayak stroke or you take a swim.
Developed and patented by Max Abott, of MAX Kayaks in Australia, these K1 seats immediately won gold in the K1 500m World Championships in 2002 and 2003. The patent was then bought in 2003/4 by Nelo Kayaks and progressed to produce several more Olympic gold medals and World Championships.
Having been a fan of these in the past we’re keen to hear your thoughts on these unstable seats. Test one and let us know what you think of the increased leg drive, and rotation through your hips and torso.
Photo ICF Media: Ken Wallace holding his K1 with rotating swivel seat installed
7. Surfski venturi
The venturi bailers have allowed surfskis to change shape and perform better on downwind ocean runs. Venturis act as a drain when moving quickly with the negative pressure from their shape creating suction to remove water from the open cockpit area of the ski.
Traditionally the cockpit would be designed with less open volume similar to the current surf lifesaving specification skis where there are smaller individual leg areas and a shallower seat to stop the cockpit from being swamped by water slowing the paddler.
The venturi bailers have allowed ocean surfskis to be built with a deeper, lower seat so you can be more balanced, have a leg drive similar to a K1 kayak and not be weighed down or swamped by water when out riding the swell on the ocean. The more recent designs of venturis can be opened and closed while paddling which streamlines the hull more and enables them to be faster off the start.
8. The Flyak
Einar Rasmussen’s, once had a dream to create the fastest human powered boat on water. This desire lead him to create this insane hydrofoil Flyak. Enabling the amateur paddler to hit 27km/hr+ with this design.
Seeing as width restrictions for kayaks were only listed at the turn of the millennium, it might be some time before we see them in regulated competition. More recently this hydrofoil design has also shown up on a Spanish paddle blog with some substantial work done to refine the design with the team at Foil Kayak blog documenting this journey.
9. GPS watch mounts
GPS watches are now nearly as essential as a paddle and a boat. The advent of GPS watches has meant that you need a place to securely mount it on your deck where you can see it and use it in real time to inform your training and racing.
Surfskis have foot straps to mount them, canoes have the thwarts to put them around and kayaks… have watch mounts. With many designs out there we can’t go past our own Wash Rider styles of watch mounts. With the original in cockpit Spare Wrist (pictured right) and the on the deck Any Mount (pictured left) both a cheap insurance for your GPS watch.
10. Medical bags for drink bags
You never seem to forget your first time, the weird look the pharmacist gave you when you bought a set of these urinary drainage bags for drinking. For many years these medical bags gave paddlers hands free drinking while paddling. With generations of marathon paddlers teaching the next how to tape up the bags to be slung at a perfect height around your neck the night before a race.
They served their purpose before being superseded by hydration bladders, fridge bottles and purpose made drink bags.
Unfortunately, it was common practice while racing to discard the empty used bags into the water at both local and international events. In 2016, the British Canoeing Marathon Racing Committee lead the paddling world with the penalisation of paddlers caught polluting waterways with these plastic bags. Following this lead, the International Canoe Federation (ICF) introduced similar sensible rules to marathon kayak racing which penalised paddlers for discarding drink bags into the water and keeping our waterways cleaner.
Photo: Carolyn Cooper Photography. Hank McGregor (RSA), Shaun Rubenstein (RSA) & Ivan Alonso Lage (ESP) all receiving fresh medical drink bags in during the portage at a very hot and humid race in the 2009 canoe marathon world championships in Singapore.
- Kieran Babich